It is positioned in the southern of America. Haiti was located on Hispaniola Island bordering with Dominican Republic. The 2/3 island is the territory of Dominica. The remaining 1/3 belongs to Haiti. The Haiti was among the third world countries. It was in the list of poor nations in the world. The construction of houses in Haiti was related with weak foundation. Therefore, there might be in big danger for the citizen in Haiti when a major 2010 Haiti earthquake struck.
The epicenter was found in the southwest of the capital city which was Port Au Prince. The magnitude was 7.0. The cost of the earthquake was massive. About more than 1 million people were evacuated as their houses were dropped. The most of casualties were caused by the flattened in the ground houses.
There were lots of people inside the houses when the earthquake struck the Haiti land. The number of the casualties was really big. It stood at between 100.000 and 140.000 people. However, the government stated more than 200.000 until 230.000 deaths.
The New Fault Line
The houses were just made of weak construction. Plus, the earthquake has provided fatal acts. The cause of earthquake which was inside the ground some kilometers underground was not part of the Enriquillo Plantain Garden Fault zone (EPG FZ) but it was new rupture on a new fault line under Leogane city, called Leogane fault. It was the new fault zone of earthquake that occurred. It was meant that the point where the earthquake occurred was in a fault line.
Indeed, the complexity of the fault zone Haiti was residing plus the poor condition of the nation had delivered to the largest effects. It was the hardest time during the beginning of 2010 that the nation experienced a large damage on its territory and huge number of loss of lives. Even the cause was the fault movement underground, it was the power and intensity that the effect had been larger. Plus the foundation of the residents if Haiti was very basic, the impact had been folded. For the country that had not been hit by earthquake, 2010 Haiti earthquake reflected of a true natural disaster definition especially the earthquake.
The Aftermath of Earthquake
The need for recovery included the hospital facilities, businesses and sanitation. As well, the temporary living spaces were needed to accommodate the living places for displaced people for their houses had been collapsed through 2010 Haiti earthquake. In the wake of the country facing the immediate effect of the earthquake, Haiti was collecting aids from everywhere. To accelerate the recovery, it was relying on international aid as well as human power.
The important sector that was damaged during the earthquake was the sanitation. It has been needed to supply the basic need which was drinking water. Everyone was in need of water to survive. Another worsening condition was the disease outbreak of Cholera, it eventually brought out further deaths because lack of medical treatment and water facilities to improve the condition of the patient of the Cholera.
The result of the disaster in 2010 was shocking. It could be a the hardest moment for Haiti since last 2.5 century and that was caused by the slippage on the fault line. Furthermore, it was the deadliest earthquake that happened and caused more than 200.000 casualties.