For us who do not speak Icelandic language, the name for the famous volcano of Iceland Volcano Eruption 2010 which is Eyjafjallajökull is really frightening. Eyjafjallajökull volcano was located on the south of Iceland. Its name is given as its meaning is “Island Glacier Mountain” and in fact the volcano was situated at below Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier) The volcano is 5.466 feet high or 1.666 meters over the sea level. Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland is one of example of big volcano eruption in 2010. Its name Eyjafjallajökull was taken from its words meaning which is Eyjafjallajökull from Eyja for island, Fjalla for mountain and jokull for glacier. The eruption of Eyjafjallajökull was begun from January which was signed by micro quakes swarms. On the starting month of March, the quake activities increased so intensively and more frequently. The plume was flied to the south east region of North Atlantic Ocean and North Europe by the wind. It caused the disruption of air traffic industry and forced the airplane companies in England and North Europe to halt the their national air traffic territories and postpone the flight schedule until weeks because the ash clouds of the volcano that were flown into the atmosphere could damage the commercial airplane and could potentially bring lives loss.
There was a finding of the research by the volcanologists about the cause of the Iceland volcano eruption 2010. It was triggered by the earthquake swarms that caused the volcano to rumble and force the magma in the depth of some levels under the volcano to explode. There had been massive amount of earthquakes swarms which shook the Iceland land before the volcano erupted in 2010. A 4.5 magnitude earthquake on 18 August was the most powerful to hit the region since 1996.
There was a total of 39 days of big eruption in Eyjafjallajökull volcano during a month of Arpil and May. Eyjafjallajökull is not the biggest volcano in Iceland but the ash clouds were spread massively on to the region of North Europe and North Atlantic Ocean. According Volcanic Explosivity Index or VEI, the volcano eruption had been calculated at level 3 based on its highest ash cloud spot and total magma amount released. The mix of prolong eruption and continual ashes clouds that were brought with the wind from the northern west causing the wide spread of the ashes clouds into the atmosphere of most of European countries. The events like that had never happened before for the air traffic in European territories and within the history of the society in Europe. That has made the simple Iceland volcano eruption 2010 to become an important event through the history of society in Europe.
The ash clouds that were taken by the wind into the atmosphere of England and North European countries were frightening for causing the airplane companies and national air transport industry to cancel all the departure within the time of the atmosphere covered by the clouds of ash. According to the experts, the engine of the airplane could be damaged by the clouds of ashes and the vision of the air traffic could be hardly visible.