Earthquake in Haiti in 2010 was a large earthquake of 7.0 magnitude that claimed so much casualties and caused massive destruction. What caused The earthquake in Haiti? Haiti was located on the tectonic plate boundary of North American and Caribbean tectonic plates. The built up stress over centuries on the plate boundary was resulting in a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake.
This stress was developed through two continental tectonic plates that were linked and shifted past each other. Because the land inside were rocky, when the stress was heightened, all of sudden, the proportion of the land slipped thus the earthquake happened.
The earthquake’s epicentre was 25 kilometers to the southwest of Haiti capital city, Port Au Prince happened in a shallow focus in depth around 13 kilometers (8 miles) underground. This quake happened in 4:53PM local time on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. As well, Haiti was also found in around micro plates that were located on deep underground.
There were two fault lines in Haiti, in the north and in south of Haiti. In the north, that was north fault line and in the south, it was Enriquillo-Plantain Garden (EPG) Fault zone that was transform fault on the Gonave microplate as part of North American fault in seperation with Caribbean plate. It was deemed that EPG fault zone to be blamed for causing the earthquake in Haiti. The Enruquillo-Plaintain Garden fault was lateral moving fault in which two tectonic plates of Gonave microplete plate and Caribbean plate tectonics shifted laterally.
Causes of Earthquake in Haiti
Haiti was geographically located on region of Southern America. The location was prone to earthquake because it is situated on the plate boundary. The past 2010 earthquake in Haiti was unpredicted.
Even knowing that Haiti is located on the plate boundary, the earthquake was manufactured through the seismic activities deep under the ground. The seismograph that is used to measure earthquakes was not in place to be able to capture the moment caused the large earthquake.
The Haiti earthquake in 12 January 2010 was measured at 7.0 magnitude. The fault which was the cause of the earthquake was not the Enriquillo Plaintain Garden (EPG) fault. The tension developed through lateral movement of two tectonic plates of Genova microplate and Caribbean plate in EPG fault zone was not evidently as a cause for the quake.
What caused the earthquake in Haiti? It has been caused by new fault line movement. There was no recent earthquake in Haiti since past 2.5 century. The fault deep underground in Leogane fault (below Leogane city) might be producing a devastating effect of the tremble of the ground involving sudden slip on the fault line.
As a result, the new fault line was proven to be the cause for earthquake in Haiti because there were no evident of earthquake caused by motion of two blocks of fault plane of EPG fault zone. In a heightened tension, a sudden slippage on the fault could be happened resulting in a large earthquake. That break produced tremble on the ground floor covering a very large area in Haiti and destroyed everything above the land including houses, hospitals, private or business facilities, power station (electrical and water supplies) as well as on the main area surrounding Port Au Prince, the capital city of Haiti nation.